aka Robin Trifunovski

  • I live in Sweden
  • I was born on August 6
  • I am Male
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  • Do you have any permission from the original creator of the material to publish his work here? Whithout it I afrai thay it would be deleted

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    • I was actually going to ask him (under the nickname Pristichampsus) for permission to stabilize a creative Skull Island archive, with developing information on a more realistic/scientific take of the King Kong series' wildlife. Similar to the wiki's well received Speculative Dinosaur Project. But then I remembered I didn't have a DeviantArt account... R.T

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    • The problem is that Speculative Dinosaur Project doesn't have a site to be shown so for that was allowed to be hold here, Skull island bestiary of Pristichampsus has its own place on deviantart, on the gallery of the own creator, so there is no reason to traslate the work of him here, more even if he doesn't know. Sorry but I'm going to delete because of that, we can't just copy the work of others without its own permisson and without a properly reason.

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    • A FANDOM user
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  • I really appreciate the help you and the other members that I have recruited (still in the process of working on hiring more and even some of the original people are on my mind) in reviving the speculative dinosaur project. However, I have decided to take a bit of a break from working on this project for a couple of reasons and because of some stuff, I believe I should have established a few rules down in terms of continuity. The first rule being in terms of continuity being only stuff related to the older websites that hosted the Spec Project and from the Yahoo groups. No outside sources what so ever, of course, some stuff may have to be reworked in order to fit with the continuity, but this still should be considered canon regardless. I personally need to spec to some of the original people about this earlier, but I have had some success in talking to some of the people who worked on this sort of thing.    Now for the reasons of why I need to take this little vacation from working on reviving the Spec. The first being that I have contributed a lot of hard work into bringing back one of the most well-known speculative evolution projects known to the internet, but I think this may have taken control of me and I think taking a break from this for a couple of days will be for my personal good. Don't get me wrong. I will still work on contributing to the revival of this project, but I think this brief vacation will help me out do some things going on at the moment. I just don't want all of this to go to my head again, I have seen it happen to before and I hope not to make a mistake. Another reason is for reputation, have I made some mistakes while on Wikia, oh absolutely. If anybody knows about the who centrosaurine and artwork incident,  I do acknowledge that and I am not ignorant to the fact that I have made several mistakes and I am willing to own up to them. I just hope this clarifies some things.

     On a similar note, the goal of this was not only to help revive the spec project but to help clean up this Wikia's reputation as a respected Wikia as well. Ever since I was young, I have had a love of animals and science and speculative evolution has been one of my favorite fields of science, behind astronomy, archeology, anthropology and much more. I have seen the stuff of what has happened to this Wikia and it deeply saddens me to see what this website has become and I don't think I mentioned this before, but another goal of mine was to clean up this Wikia's reputation and get people interested in this website again. Like I said earlier, I know that I have made some mistakes here and on other Wikia's as well. I also acknowledge the fact that I know I can not undo the past, but I know that I must set things right for me and for everybody on this Wikia.

     As for the users that have helped out in working on the revival of Spec, Gilarah93, Dffffggfgh, Spinosaurus111, Rtrifunovski, SaberrexStrongheart, Dragontunders and anybody else out there, I really appreciate the help. If I have missed any names, I do apologize for that. I appreciate all the help I have been given and I personally can not thank you enough for that, but I think it's for the best that I take a few days break from all of the editings so that I can work on things in my own life and that I don't go mad with obsessing over it like what Herbert West did in H.P. Lovecraft's Herbert West: Reanimator did. You’ll have to read the book if you do not know what I am talking about. However, before I go, I will leave behind the stuff from the from the yahoo groups which I happened to document down in Evernote. This should only be applied to the stuff that was found in the Yahoo Group's that is canon, no fan suggestions at all. If I made the mistake of putting something down on the non-canon aspects of my work on Evernote.  Sincerely,   R. ' Missing Pieces: The missing pieces of Spec that were never filled in, but now we have the chance to do that.    Dipnoi (Lungfish) A small and rare but widespread group of freshwater "fishes" with impressive toothplates (under creation!)Actinistia (Coelacanths) An even smaller, even rarer, and even more widespread group of big predatory "fishes" (under creation!)Arthropoda (Beetles, wasps, crayfish, spiders, etc.) Cuticle-covered animals with jointed limbsAnnelida (Bristleworms, earthworms, leeches, etc.) Segmented "worms" of waters and soils (under creation!)Cnidaria (Jellyfish, killer jellyfish, polyps, corals, etc.) Simple but deadly marine animals (under creation!)Fungi (Mushrooms, mould, yeast, etc.) Usually multicellular organisms that let their food seep through their cell walls (under creation!) Sources: This is where we get all the stuff we need for reviving this project.    'Reminders: Import things to remember'   *This is where we get all the stuff we need for reviving the project.

    • Only these sources nothing more nothing less.
    • If there is a retcon, then it should
    • I know that I might be missing (I do have them saved down thanks to the wonders of evernote).
    • I also may have made some redundant choice of repeated the same website twice on this list, I do apologize.

    Websites: All this places where I found all of the missing details.   *

    Classification of the Species: Thanks to the work of Gilarah93 for this, the classification for species should look something like this.#Common name (scientific name)

    1. [image] {caption listing common/sientific name, range if known}
    2. Text

    For those who do not known what I am talking about, here are some pages to set up some examples. *

    These should be applied to all spec pages.    FINISH UP: These species were present in the canon, based off of the several websites I had observed in the past. These are only in their rough draft phase, some work finishing these up would be appreciated.#Malagasy Hoser (Eutitanosauroides madagascariensis) (Titanosauria)

      1. In addition to the Malagasy mokele , Madagascar has an old-endemic sauropod, that looks like a hoser, behaves like a hoser, and feeds like hoser; only details of its skeleton show that it isn't a hoser. At up to 12 m in length (snout tip to tail tip), it is comparable to the likes of the Gihugrongos of Africa and Asia. It can be found, mostly alone, in forests and tree savannas all over the island, much like the similarly generalistic Asian hoser (Hyperelephas immanis). Young individuals are sometimes attacked by croctigers, but adults are among the safest animals on the planet.
    1. Asian Hoser (Hyperelephas immanis) (Titanosauria)
      1. Growing much smaller than the Malagasy Hoser, but still a large creature regardless growing up to 8 meters long, the Asian Hoser is the largest creature native to the islands of Sumatra, Borneo and Java. In a groups of islands dominated the high browsing brachioceratopsians, this species of hoser has managed to make a name for its self by thriving of the forests in the area, usually living a lone. 
    1. Huwawa (Hyperelephas megistos) (Titanosauria)
      • Another species of Titanosaur
    1. Panha (Ceronychoides parvus) (Therizinosauria)
      1. Also known as the Common Panha, Panha, just like the Eurasian Panha, these species are generalist/grazers, smaller and rather more common than the dorsas. Panhas live in great herds of 100-200 individuals that roam the tundra and taiga, which supplies them an abundance of grasses, herbs and shrubs in the summer. During the autumn and winter, the great panha herds break up into small family clusters leaving plains to the lammoxes and heading to the forests. There, the panhas live through the harsh northern winter, subsisting upon fungi, lichens and moss dug from under the snow with their long, curved claws. In the spring, the panha herds coalesce again, and the therizinosaurs mate and lay their eggs. The fast-growing calves are usually ready to follow the herd as the first snow falls on the ground. Panha breeding grounds are often located on island or river deltas where they are less accessible to predators.
    1. Blueboa (Gangetopeton largus) (Amphibian)
      1. The Blueboa (Gangetopeton largus), is a 1.5 meter caecelian, adept at ambushing tiny fish and rodents in the shallows, with a bluish-grey slimy hide, it is striking at the very least, to spy in the mud.
    1. Mpakafo (Kardiolestes antiprocyon) (Mammal)
      1. This zhelistid is an opportunistic omnivore that is found throughout the forested regions of Madagascar.It is known for it's raccoon-like habit of pulling out the innards of self-size prey such as small gamefowl through their mouths.They often leave the external  corpse intact, and seemingly unviolated.1-5 offspring are conceived  during the wet season and raised by their mother for 6-9 months  until weaning.
    1. Desert Viri (*Viriosaurus occidentalis*)
      1. Desert Viries are scrappy animals found along the equatorial scrublands and arid cactus-scape of the Pacific South American coast. They travel in small flocks of roughly 6 to 20 adult animalsand accompanying offspring. Unlike most other viries, the whole flock raises the young together in communal burrows often taken over from bastardsloths or large herbivorous reptiles. The young are not forced out of their natal group for nearly a year, much longer than any other viri.
      2. Adults of both sexes may reach nearly 1.5 meters and some 12 kilos, placing them among the largest of the viriosaurids. Their long legs allow them to cover ground quickly with little effort. Often feeding on cactus, these viriosaurs have rather thick lips and tongues, remaniscent of those of HE giraffes.
    1. Daffy Duck (p-Anas nigra) (Bird)
      1. Spec's equivalent to the Mallard. Distributed across most of the northern hemisphere, subspecies are distinguished by number of rings on the neck (which ranges from 1-4) and/or color of bill (orange, yellow, white). On a similar note, this species is known for distributing a call which sounds  like "yooooooor-dithpicabull!"
    1. Bugaboo (Oculemur sp.) [based on this drawing {bottom-left corner}] (Primate)
      2. Found throughout Madagascar. About the size of a koala. Mostly a frugivore, but will happily take insects. During mating season, males call to females with a loud 'Woooo'. Aside from mothers with offspring, species are generally solitary.
    1. Erik-The-Red (Erikavis rufus) (Bird)
      1. An average-sized storm-petrel distributed across the North Atlantic. Black beak with noticeable brown bars unique to genus. Plumage: black with grey underside. White facial markings that vary from species to species. Erik-The-Reds get their names from how during the mating season, the males' beaks change in color from deep black to a blood red. Each species in the Erikavis genus has a different beak color, which makes identification easier. Related species include the Erik-The-White (Erikavis alba), which is found in Scandinavia, and the Erik-The-Gray (Erikavis carolinensis), which ranges from Maine down to Florida.
    1. Gradenback (Atuinchelys mundicursor) (Turtle)
      1. Endemic to the rich kelp forests of North America's western coast, the Gardenback (Atuinchelys mundicursor) is one of Specworld's more average chelonians, about the size of the HE Green Turtle (Chelonia mydas). The interesting thing about this particular chelonid is its shell: upon first glance, the Gardenback seems to have a green-colored shell, but closer inspection reveals that this species' shell is actually covered with thick, hair-like algae. This algae (Chelysilva sp.) takes root early in the turtle's life and can grow up to three inches long. This algae gives the Gardenback effective camouflage while it feeds on algae on the `forest' floor. The algae not only gives the Gardenback camouflage, but also provides refuge to a variety of smaller organisms, such as the Vurm (Silvavora chelyvehor), a species of krill that feeds on the Gardbnback’s algae.
    1. Haar-ti (Elepantopus minificus)  (Titanosauria)
      1. The tallest of the local titanosaurs, even beating the largest undaur, is the Haar-ti (Elepantopus mirificus). As heavy and tall as it's african cousins, it blazes paths through the forests and can kill a Priscataur with a well aimed kick of the forelimb.
    1. River-Ganesha (Mokelesaurus gangeticus)  (Titanosauria)
      1. These animals pale in significance to the greatest creature of the Ganges, the river-Ganesha (Mokelesaurus gangeticus). A giant titanosaur, commonly found in the ganges, they joy in plying the waters offshore, in search of tender vegetation overhanging the shore. Their tail is huge, as long as 6 meters, the whole body amounts to a total of 19 meters, with reduced armour and propulsion by sculling with it's huge, deep tail. 
    1. Enigmorgokuropsis sp. (Crustacean) 
      1. , also known as the krakena, lives in southernwaters, really deep, many variable species.
    1. Icelandic kogre-kraw (Norditherides garage) (Crustacean)
      1. Is the largest ever marine invertebrate, the size of a ktulu, and just as scary.

    1. Scuba-stan (Scubornopsis nigra) (Spider)
      1. Scuba-stan (Scubornopsis nigra), A large, many legged giant sea spider, made for the many faceted life of the seas of the south. A common prey of the cancriodonts, it is nonetheless very large and formidable, snagging fish in mid-flight.
    1. Reedish-hispid-hider (Spidenosheops gigantinus) (Spider)
      1. The reedish-hispid-hider (Spidenosheops gigantinus), an enormous amazonian water spider, large enough to eat small ducks and  dogbunnies, and a severe danger to local divers who are small in  stature, and lacking in astute courage.
    1. Flounder-hounder (Piscivoropsis marinomagnificus) (Crustacean)
      1. A large, lively sea spider, able to crouch, flat as a pancake, in order to ambush prey.

    1. Totoropsis sp. (Miyzakopsis varieagatus) (Crustacean)
      1. a large and peaceable piscivorous crab, able to consume tiny swathes of microscopic-seaplants and animals that swim within it's hairy hackles. As they amble upon the back of large gloops in the baikal sea, known as the Grassy-mamou (Dirigibellua agroalgalopsis), they maintain the balance of symbiosis in their thick, oily fur. Being so powerfull, at  5 meters long, they can jump out of the water to shake off annoying  parasites.

    1. Chinese Forest-Djad  (Sinobaatar aenigmaticus)
      • A native to China and Liaoning forested areas, the Chinese Forest-Djad will make its home near dead trees in the forested areas of China. These burrows can go one or miles and miles underneath the forests. These creatures have also been documented, making them quite an enigma among the Specresearchers. 
    2. Odontocorax hydrocorax
      • Some place
    3. Western Tunneling-Djad (Ameribaatar cynomysmimus)
      • A native to the deserts, Western North America
    4. Churchill’s Djad (Albionbaatar churchilli)
      • The only species of Djad native to England, the Churchill's Djad gets its name from its reputation for being fearless and presistant, even in the case of large predators like the Grundel. 
    5. Portugese Mountain Djad (Proalbionbaatar montanus
      • The Only Portugal
    6. Dwarf Mantasquid (Alanatator minor)
      • A native to the waters off the coast of the Australia and similar areas, the dwarf manta squids, the smallest of the mantasquids, are a very common sight amongst Spec’ Great Barrier Reef. These small, but graceful squids are known to swim acrobatically through the water, to usually pursue smaller prey in the area. Predators include hesperornithids, sharks, the kronoshark to being the most obvious example of course, and mosasaurs in the area. 
      •  (Great Barrier Reef )
    7. Striated Butterfly Squid (Papilloteuthis striatus)
      • Related to Mantateuthis, the Striated Butterfly Squid gets its name due its appearance and that its flies gracefully through the tropical waters. Like its relatives, they tend to glide gracefully through the water in search of smaller prey. Despite being not as large as the Mantasquid, these creatures are still a spectacular sight non the less. 
      •   (Great Carribean Reef )
    8.  One-Clawed Pantherbull  aka"priscataurus nonspinosus" now Tauropanthera monodigit. One-Clawed Pantherbull (Abelisaur)
        • At first assigned to the genus Priscataurus, this is far from being one, in actuality. While one tends to associate hooting cries with herbivores or birds, this species uses loud hoots that border on the ultrasonic, to attract a mate. Found further south than T. atrox, and roaming the strange plant community of Spec's south Africa {a similar community to RL?}. it is  quick in ambushing. The similarly-soloured Kalahari subspecies is nocturnal, and covers itself with a layer of sand during the day,  leaving exposed only the eyes, nostrils, and rougher edge (than non-Kalahari specimens possess, at any rate).

      DONE: These are all the ones that were finished that were apart of the Spec project.#Indian Balundaur (Seismoceratops immensus immensus)

      1. The first subspecies of Balundaur, the Indian Balundaur can be seen traveling in small herds through out the regions where the Balundaur and the Eastern Balundaur are absent. D
    1. Viracocha Pachamac (Viracochasaurus gigas) (Pseudosauropoda)
      1. (Inca creator god. Actually I might propose we rename the creature Viracochasaurus gigas if it)
      2. Named after Viracocha, the god of Inca culture supposedly created all life and humans based on the folklore of the Inca people, the Viracocha Pachamac is the fourth and rarest species of pseudosauropod can be found in the Amazon rainforest. Despite its name would imply, it is actually the smallest of Pachamacs, but this 8 meter long, and 10 ton creature is still the largest creature in the vast rainforest. A denizen of the Amazon rainforest, it comes as no surprise that this species as soon as lightweight than its larger relatives who have adapted to life on the South American grasslands. These creatures spend the majority of their lives in the highly dense forest occasionally Unlike the land dwelling pachamacs which have necks that are raised high, aka in the the famous species of sauropod Apatosaurus, the Viracocha Pachamac is more straight and slender, akin to Diplodocus or its cousin, the aquatitan, perfectly evolved eating the vasty amounts of foliage along the leaf-littered floor or if the creatures chooses to stand up on its hind legs, balancing its 5 ton body with a long and slender tail, it can east the leaves from the vast majority of close compacted plants in the area. 
    2. Wakinyan (Tonitriavis stupfidens) (Bird)
      1. A giant harpy with a six-meter wingspan found throughout north america from the western mountain ranges as far north-east as the adirondacks, south to Mexico and Florida.Weighting in at +70 kgs, it is an impressive scavenger, dominating all other harpies and corpse-robbing birds at  carcasses.Even draks will give way to the flashing toothed beaks and powerful, smacking wings on occasion.
      2. The adults have a black coat with shining bronzed gold wingtips and underfeathers. Breeding in high cliff caves and niches every year,(once every other year if breeding,mating structure like HE condors) The young grow quickly into fledge-hood(or slowly if again, like HE condors) Fledged offspring have an immature coat of speckled black and white until their 5th year, when the fully bald,red head and gold-trimmed black coat signals adulthood.Wakinyan are sometimes considered the literal incarnation of the Thunderbird in OTL, as they often precede  stormfronts in Spec's north america for the lift and great speed of distance covered with little energy expenditure.They also are prevalent in florida's everglades and spec's unique michigan flame forest in the springtime to enjoy free barbecue.
    3. Grand Photorth (Photor major) (Ungulapedia)
      1. This species of Photor can be found roaming the plains and forested regions of Eastern Asia; which is a stark contrast with South Asian relative. Upon first looking at this creature, one could mistake it for a species of Photorth. However, there is a noticeable difference in the cranial horns and both male and female grand photorths have this. Instead of three horns, male grand photorths have only two horns. Females do have the unicorn like horn, but it is more hook like. These coronlophes have even known to gore draks and small sabre-tyrants who make the foolish decision. 
    4. Dwarf Photorth (Photor minor) (Ungulapedia)
      1. The only known species of Ungulipede that inhabits through out all of southeastern Asia, most notably places like Sri Lanka, Borneo and Sumatra. Despite them being members of the coronolophe family, the are more akin to fulfilling the roles of the small gazelle-like saurolopes in Africa, going no bigger than 4 meters long and weighing 250 kilograms. Due to their smaller size, they are more likely a common choice for prey from the predators on the island like the enigmatic deinoychosaurs on these islands. That is a reason why they can be seen traveling with the dwarf sauropods and brachioceratopsians native to the islands.
    5. Kahn Orth, Indocoronolophus raaja (Ungulapedia)
      1. In the warmer regions of south and south eastern asia, ungulipedes don't grow very large due to competition from from the cenoceratopsians and titanosaurs in the area, but they have still found in those areas like the dhar, the gonnuc, and the recently discovered Kahn Orth. These massive creatures can be seen in the vast rainforests of South Asia of up to hundreds of members. Those said herds are usually led by a bull male often referred to as a “raaja”. Another interesting trait that makes them sound out from other members of the coronlophe is the method in how they communicate with each other. Most species of Coronolophes, most notably the ones found in Europe, are known for producing high pitched sounds that echo for a miles around. The Khan Orth, and to an extend the Dhar and the Photorth species, are known for producing low pitched calls which seem to echo for miles around. There is a reason for this though. The forests are deeply packed with foliage and various species of predators awaiting to snatch a newly hatched Khan Orth; one could only imagine to hear the distressed calls of stressed Khan Orth frantic to find all of her hatchlings. One bizarre behavior is that these species will adopted orphaned species of herbivorous dinosaurs usually found in the area.
    6. Paraorth, Paracoronolophus aumalai (Ungulapedia)
      1. One of the several species of hadrosaur native to eastern Asia, a region where therizinosaurs rule as the dominant herbivores, is the Paraorth. These creatures can be seen through out all of eastern Asia, but they most congregate in areas from China all the way down to Thailand in large numbers. These creatures are specifically low browsers while the role of high browsers goes to the titanosaurs and brachioceratopsians in the area. On the subject of high browsers, while these creatures are not small sized coronolophes, the Thailand populations will can be found along side the tower giants for protection from carnivore. However, the populations will travel in large herds in order to protect themselves from the various predators, like draks and sabre-tyrants, in the area who are eagerly waiting to pick off a member of the herd.
    7. Jazelle Dorcasaur (Dorcasaurus velox)  (Ungulapedia)
      1. This speedy little savannah saurolope, the Jazelle Doracsaur is one of the fastest ornithiscians alive, reaching similar speeds to the American antelope (Antillocapra SP). This species of dorcasaur grows up to lengths of 3 meters and weighs around the same amount as as the viris of the Americas.
    8. "Black Dog" (Wepwawetis diabolus)**
      • A cryptic species found in the UK in heath, moorland, and woodland. Up to five feet long, it's the largest (non-paraselenodontian) mammal in Europe. An oppurtunistic predator, it takes meat of all kinds, carrion, spec-rodents, hog-bird and strek chicks, etc. As it's name suggests, it's completely black with yellow eyes. Despite it's intimidating appearance, it's actually quite a gentle and caring parent and mate, having liters of up to 4 pups. 
    1. "Couatl" (Ophidiotrogon monteverdensis) (Snake)**
      • A northern relative of the spectacular Quetzalcoatl, has a short range for an Aztecophid, being found only at the Monte Verde Cloud Forest and adjacent areas. Up to 4 feet long, it preys on spec-rodents, bird chicks, etc.
    2. Zthuqarnayn (Syndyoceratops bicornis) (Cenoceratopsian)*
      •      Zthuqarnayn (Syndyoceratops bicornis) is one of the smaller species of furciceratopsian, clocking in at about 5-6 meters. Nonetheless, it is no less aggressive and short-tempered than its larger relatives. A  tough, hardy species, the Zthuqarnayn lives in dry and arid conditions along the Middle East and Asian Mediterranean. It is one of the few  species that can actually subsist on the venomous Death-thorn (Sha'ukat  Alma'ut), cropping it with a tough beak and destroying the toxins with  a cast-iron digestive system. Extensive "pebble-skin" nodules and a tough hide are further adaptations to fraying paths through thornbushes. The twin horns are useful display structures and predator deterrents.
    1. Mthalathelqarn (Synthetoceratops splendidus) (Cenoceratopsian)
      •  A semiamphibious furciceratopsian with a long three-pointed nose-horn. It likes to wallow, but not as much as a hippopotamus back on HE or the potamoceratopsids which fulfill a similar niche in the waterways of tropical Asia. This species of furciceratopsian lives near river banks and various bodies of water through out rivers and various waterways near the Mediterranean Sea and the Nile River. Just like the Hippos of HE, they are known to be territorial animals. Despite being smaller than the African Megahorn, these medium size herbivores are still considered to be dangerous with three horns, which are all grow up to a foot and a half long, for combat against rival males or defense from predators. It doesn't help the fact that there was confirmed report of Mthalathelqarn gorging a Nile Mosasaur that tried to make a meal out of a calf. 
    1. Sparrowkeets (Genus Psittacispiza): **
      • One of the most common birds in North America, sparrowkeets travel together in huge numbers, comparable to that of HE North America's extinct Passenger Pigeon (Ectopistes migratorius) and Carolina Parakeet (Conuropsis carolinensis), which they bear a striking resemblance to. Ranging across the western half of the continent (west of the Rockies onward), their flocks have numbered in the thousands, although actual flock number varies depending on the species, local environment, food availability, etc. At least half a dozen species have been recognized. 
      • The Northern Sparrowkeet (Psittacispiza borealis) is a typical sparrowkeet, spending its summer in south-western Canada and migrating to the thick rainforests of Washington and northern Oregon for the winter.
      •  At the opposite end of the genus' range is the Desert Sparrowkeet (Psittacispiza mexicana). This species is constantly on the move traveling the searing badlands of the American Southwest. Like other sparrowkeets, this species' diet mainly consists of seeds and small insects. The arrival of a cloud/flock of Desert Sparrowkeets is a welcome feast to many desert predators. Buffalo Bills have been observed running, jaws agape, through a passing flock and coming out the other side with mouth full of the birds.
    2. Pincushion Hoplocroc (Angilasuchus polyspinus)**
      • A recently discovered hoplosuchid from Madagascar's northeastern forests, the Pincushion Hoplocroc has taken its family's thorny armor to the extreme. The creature's backside is almost entirely covered with thorns, from its nasal horn to the end of its macelike tail. The extensive defense ensures that most predators (even croctigers) give wide berth. When mating season arrives, males (distinguished by their `crown of thorns') attract females with shows of strength and advertising their presence with loud honking noises. Once a male has attracted a mate, the male must carefully position himself on the female. [can anyone guess the reference? :)]
    3. Holy Mackerel (p-Thunnus religiosa)**:
      • At first thought to be a joke, the Holy Mackerel was accidentally
        discovered in the Florida Keys by speccryptozoologist Erik Attaway, who had traveled to the Keys on (yet more) reported sightings of living elasmosaurs. Endemic to the warm waters of the Florida Straits, the species is easily recognized by the gold-colored `halo' marking on top of it's head. Holy Mackerel can weigh up to 800 lbs and can be up to 5 feet long. The species comes to spawn in the Florida Keys, laying
        their eggs in the relative safety of the mangroves. Since their discovery, Holy Mackerel have become popular among spexplorers as a sport fish discovered in the Florida Keys by speccryptozoologist Erik Attaway, who had traveled to the Keys on (yet more) reported sightings of living elasmosaurs. Endemic to the warm waters of the Florida Straits, the species is easily recognized by the gold-colored `halo' marking on top of it's head. Holy Mackerel can weigh up to 800 lbs and can be up to 5 feet long. The species comes to spawn in the Florida Keys, laying their eggs in the relative safety of the mangroves. Since their discovery, Holy Mackerel have become popular among spexplorers as a sport fish.
    4. Subfamily Primatimorsinae: Primatimorsids (also known as `monkey bugs') are a distinct subfamilyof hard ticks that are found throughout eastern Africa, Europe, and Asia. Primatimorsids have evolved to parasitize mammals, specifically primates, and are therefore found wherever lemurs, lorises, chillas, and tree foxes occur. More than 60 species, distributed throughout 13 genrea, have been discovered, although there are certainly many more to be soon discovered.
      •      Primatimorsids range in size from the Invisible Skin-Pincher (Coriforceps nanus), which is only half the size of the tip of a matchstick, to the Goliath Pain-In-The-Butt (Tergumorsus maximus), which, when fully engorged, can be the size of a thumbnail. In species who's hosts live cold climates, such as the Ilve's Itch (Pokemuriprurigo borealis), they have extra large mandibles which are used by the arthropods to burrow under the host's skin, causing the unlucky Ilve great discomfort. Like all parasites, Primatimorsids spread diseases to whatever host they settle down on. The Not-A-Coon Cootie (Cootieforme americana), for example, is a well-known carrier of p-Lyme Disease. While the primates have evolved so that they're not as susceptible to these diseases, humans, which have never existed in Specworld, are more vulnerable. Primatimorsids have taken advantage of these newcomers and have made themselves at home on humans, and a number of deaths can be attributed to the diseases these arthropods carry.
    5. p-Macroscelidea (sengis) :Spec's Africa is home to a myriad of fascinating mammals. Some, like the elusive sut, are unique forms that have no close relatives on home earth. Others, like the sengis (elephant shrews) are typical little creatures that are virtually identical to their HE counterparts. Spec's sengis first show up in the fossil record towards the end of the Oligocene, already widely diverse, suggesting that they had been around far back into the Paleogene. As in HE, there were rodent like sengis, small hyrax-like browsers, and many shrew-like forms. Oddly enough, there is even a specimen of a fox-sized predatory sengi from the late Miocene of Kenya. Most of this diversity was snuffed out in the beginning of the Pliocene by the expansion of the ephrus and tenrecs, which rapidly gained ground in Africa during the Pliocene aridification of the continent. These groups directly competed with the more "unique" sengis, many of which couldn't keep up with the tenrecs' much more rapid reproductive rates.  As the elephant shrews have lost out in most arenas to their distant afrothere relatives,  they are almost as impoverished species-wise in Spec as they are in HE. They are still restricted to Africa, mostly south of the Sahara. Spec sengis coexist with the zams just as well as HE sengis coexist with shrews. This likely has curbed their diversity and species count significantly, however. There are only seventeen species in five genera. Nevertheless, macroscelids still scamper (and gallop) along, most eking out a humble and uncertain existence as insectivores. One, however, has taken a highly divergent route.
      • p-Macroscelidae
      • Proboscisorex : There are seven species of shrew-like insectivores in this genus, which has a nearly pan-African distribution. They are all light-brown to grey colored animals with tiny trunks; they're small enough to fit 3 or 4 comfortably in the palm of an adult human's hand. These sengis are considerably more bipedal than most HE sengis, and hopping rather than running on all fours seems to be their preferred method of locomotion. Like all macroscelids, proboscisorex is k-selected, giving birth to only 1-3 offspring following a gestation of 45-60 days. The offspring are born highly developed, and are weaned by 2-3 weeks of age. 
      • Atlas Elephant Shrew (Proboscisorex borealis): The most northerly and smallest extant sengi, this species occurs across the Atlas Mountains of north Africa. It's also the only sengi throughout the entirety of its range.
    6. Nesoproboscimartes
      •      São Tomé Weaselshrew (Nesoproboscimartes dantensis) This elongated, somewhat weasel-shaped sengi is the only land mammal native to the island of São Tomé. At about one kilogram in weight, it's by far largest member of spec's Macroscelidae. The  weaselshrew is a diurnal hunter, at home on the ground or in the canopy. It's exclusively carnivorous, taking just about any animal matter that doesn't put up too much of a fight, including insects, eggs, lizards, and even small birds. Unlike most other sengis of either timeline, it is almost exclusively quadrupedal, rarely even reading up on its hind legs.  The weaselshrew's color pattern is similar to that of a young tapir, tan with numerous thin white stripes and spots. It produces fewer liters than mainland sengis, normally just two or three per year. 
    7. Tragulisorcidae
      •      Shrewbok (Tragulisorex Saharensis) This is by far the most aberrant of all macroscelids and perhaps second only to the sut among afrotheres. After this elusive animal was first sighted, it was believed to have been a pint-sized paraseledont, due to its minute hooves and horse-like gait. It was not until the first specimens were collected that the true identity of this animal was revealed. It was an afrothere, and remarkably, a close relative of elephant shrews. The size of a hare, the shrewbok is a solitary opportunist, eating nearly any plant, insect, or vertebrate it can fit into its mouth. It has a penchant for scorpions in particular. It has two-toed "hooves" with dewclaws, a long, naked tail, and disproportionally large ears for thermoregulation, much like a fennec fox. The shrewbok is a desert inhabitant, found throughout most of the Sahara. Shrewboks are rarely found together, save for a mother and children. Unlike the sengis, the shrewbok has a nearly four month-long gestation and raises two litters of twins each year. It has a notably slower metabolism compared to other macroscelids, and has an average lifespan of 10-15 years. Sexual maturity is reached at around a year of age.
    8. (Golden-maned liandaolong Seculasaurus orientalis (Therizinosauria) (Subspecies)
      • Something
    1. Baku (Microhadrus reclusiva)
      • Tiny species of hadrosaur 
    2. Oni (Contusavis ferox japonicus)
      • Subspecies of the Siberian Bruiser
    3. Grendel (Contusavis belligerans grendeli)
      • Subspecies of the Forest Bruiser
    4. Naucratisaurus gracilis (Long-tailed lizardwhale) (Mosasauria)
      1. What ever the description is
      2. Although, I need to find a picture as soon as possible

    1. Ponik (Ponikosaurus potamicus) (Ungulapedia)
      •      This species of ungulipede is known through out Europe
    2. Ki-Lin (Kirin rex)
      • Ealines are much younger residents of Japan than the Baku, arriving in Japan during the Pleistocene. Although more species did exist, the ravages of the Ice Ages wiped out all but two species, Ki-lin (Kirin rex) and the Qilin (Kirin opibus). The more cold-tolerant of the two, the Ki-lin ranges from southern Hokkaido to central Honshu, where it interlaps with the larger Qilin. They seem to live in small family herds of up to five members.
    3. Qilin (Kirin opibus)
      1. The larger of the two Japanese species of Kirin, the Qilin can be found in the heavily forested areas of Japan. As of now, not much is documented about its behavior. Minus a few behaviors such as these small ungulipedes are more solitary compared to their mainland cousins, except during the mating season. Another interesting behavior it displays is its defense mechanisms from it predatory Oni. It will either headbutt the small bruiser with horn or it will deliver a nasty kick or tail swipe that will leave the small carnivore battered or injured. A side from that, this creature doesn't seem to be as hostile towards other creatures. In fact most of the time, it is a docile herbivore, only turning belligerant when threatened. This creature ranges south from central Honshu to the southern tip of Kyush.
    4. Brass Orth (Coronolophus orichalcum)
      • The third species of the Coronolophus genus, this recently species of Orth can be found through out the forested areas of the Eurasia continent, mostly in Europe though. As of now, not much is known seeing how this is the third and rarest of the genus Coronolophus. Not much of it is known at the moment, but a few behaviors of this creature have been observed by recent expeditions. Unlike the Majestic Orth and the Regina's Orth, these creatures do not live out on the grasslands in large herds. Instead they prefer to live smaller family herds and are usually found in forested areas mentioned earlier. Males and females will also mate for life.
    5. Freticornis planalophus (Dwarf orth) (Ungulapedia)
      • This small species of north is native to both Britain and Ireland
    6. Greenback grassbag, Neotitanosaurus viridis, (African savannas)
      • The greenback grassbag is a smaller species, measuring 16-18 meters at most. It is also less common than the bandersnatch grassbag. As the name clearly shows, they are green-coloured with backs in a distinctively brighter shade. The bulls' necks turn reddish-orange during the mating season and they have a more nasal and higher-pitched call than the bandersnatch bulls: "wheeeeee!”
    1. Indian grassbag, Neotitanosaurus indicus, (India)
      • The Indian grassbag, at 14-16 meters, is the smallest and most rare grassbag species. They are mottled pale brown and grey, with the bulls' necks turning bright yellow and green during the mating season. The signal blasts of the Indian grassbag are deep "beeeooo!" calls.
    1. Aulabarra (Arctostrix horribilis), 
      • primitive omnivorous rhynchoraptoran that inhabits forests and mountainous areas of Australia. It has become infamous for it's "hug attack", rearing up to its hind legs, grabbing the prey or enemy with  its long and powerful arms and attacking it with its wicked beak.
    1. Pampasaurus gigas (Pampasaur) (Neohadrosauria)
    2. (Red-Crested/Southern Painted Singer) Neostellasaurus pictus sanguineocristatus 
      • pictured above, with a blood-red crest, redder than the other subspecies (Neohadrosauria)
      • Living in southern most part of the species range and the most common.
    1.  (Nomadic/Migrating Painted Singer) Neostellasaurus pictus pictus (a much drabber subspecies)
      • generally found in the northern most part of the species distribution range. This last subspecies is partly nomadic and both subspecies can be seen together in the summer months when N.p.pictus migrates south. 
    2. Mediterranean Pygmy Orth (Freticornis exiguus
      • First observed by famed specexploer and one of the original founders of the project, Tiina Aumala back in 2002, but never fully described until 2017, the Mediterranean Pygmy Orth is the smallest species of Coronolophe, growing smaller than the Dwarf Orth (Freticornis planalophus) from the islands of Britain and Ireland, is native to the various islands around the Mediterranean Sea, most notably in Malta, Sicily, Cyprus, Crete, Corsica and Sardinia. Eerily similiar to the dwarf elephants that lived in the same area back on Home Earth, even how these small coronolophes evolved from larger mainland species, the most likely ancestor being the descendants of an undescribed species of Coronolophus recently unearthed in Pliocene deposits in Italy, which eventually shrank down in size and ended up in the same areas as the dwarf elephants of the Mediterranean as well as the strange fauna as well. Unlike the dwarf elephants of Sicily, these small creatures managed to thrive alone and in isolation and remain unnoticed by our past research expeditions until now that is.
      • While the small subspecies of the mokeles browse the trees and aquatic plants through the islands, pygmy orths can be seen browsing the low growing plants in the area, and occasionally browsing with mokeles on the beach in order to feed on the seaweed which occasionally washes up on the beach. Growing up to lengths of no bigger than 2.5 meters, these pygmy orths seem to enjoy a paradise-like lifestyle on these islands, free from land based-predators, but looks can be deceptive. While the orths who live on the islands of Britain and Ireland have to worry about a small subspecies of forest bruiser and avisaur, which feeds on hatchlings while adults are to big, making a meal out of them respectively, its not whats on the land that they need to worry about, its what is in the water that these orths fear. Marine predators like sharks, mosasaurs and reports of an undescribed species of champsosaur will take an opportunity of a pygmy orth swimming out at sea to attack it and drag it down to a watery grave.  Males are much larger than the females and mating seasons usually takes place between the months of December to February. After a female has chosen a mate, she lay will a clutch of 10 to 15 eggs. Sadly, not all of them the eggs get the opportunity to hatch because the eggs usually fall victim to a few species of egg-eating mammals and lizards which thrive on this island. Only less then 10 of the hatchlings live to see adulthood. Since there discovery, it estimated that several subspecies do have the potential of existing in the nearby islands of the vast archipelago. But as for now, all we can do in research and explore more areas of land that were over looked in past expeditions and conduct research as well.
    1. Sahel Elumbe (Cornucanthus belli shaelensis) (Ungulapedia)
      • The first subspecies of the Elumbe can be found through out the Sahel region, trotting through out the savannas, grasslands and shrub-lands in search of vegetation,hence its name being the Sahel Elumbe. They still display a lot of characteristics to the Elumbe, most notably the solitary lifestyle, except during the mating season, however, they don't appear to as belligerent as the Elumbe and appear to be more docile, except when they become aggravated or threatened then it turns into force to be reckoned with.
    2. Desert Elumbe (Cornucanthus belli belli) (Ungulapedia)
      • The second subspecies and smallest of the Elumbe, growing no bigger than 6 meters long, can be found roaming the Sahara Desert, the Middle East and areas near the Nile River. Very much like the camels back on home earth. Unlike the Elumbe and the Sahel Elumbe, the Desert Elumbe can be seem traveling in small family herds of up to 15 members, usually lead by a dominant bull and cow.  Despite its smaller size, these herbivores can still use their large horn to inflect some serious damage on its attackers or rival males during the mating season. 
    3. Tardakh (Megalotardox sylverteris)
      • Description has already been given
    1. Elessar's Strider (Errosaurus elessari) (Tyrannosauroidea)*
      • The third largest of the Errosaurus, just behind the Siberian Strider and the King Stider, the Elessar's Strider is the only member of the Errosaurus sp. which can be found roaming Europe. Growing up to lengths of up to nine feet long, it specializes in smaller animals and birds in the area, if they prefer to hunt solitary while it should be noted that these are pack animals by nature, some species will lead solitary lives. The Elessar's strider is named after the character of Aragon from the Lord of the Rings and they live up to their reputation with their behavior and appearence. Tall and covered in patches of grey and white feathers, these small but fearless carnviores will often work together in packs to bring down larger prey, the various species of ungulipede and therizinosaur which are common through out Europe. 
    1. King Strider, (Errosaurus rex) (Tyrannosauroidea)
      • The second largest species of the genus, Errosaurus, and named after the most famous species of dinosaur, Tyrannosaurus rex, the King Strider can be found roaming areas of Western North America and even as far north of Canada. Ironically in the same locations that the iconic Tyrannosaurus rex was unearthed in as well. Solitary creatures by nature, these small but vicious creatures are known for being extremely territorial, even driving the larger species of draks away, but the large sabre-tyrants away. Another reason why this species is named after Tyrannosaurus rex is their bone crushing bite. While most species of the Errosaurinae family have a bone crushing bite, the King Strider is one of the few species that has prefected the art of bone crushing bite. Even giving the likes of the bruisers are run for their money.
    1. Naga (Opidocetoides longus) (River Mosasauria)
      • The Naga (Opidocetoides longus) is the most prevalent of Gangetic anguillacertids. At a staggering 9 meters it is very long and slim, and feeds mainly on eels and other sepentine creatures, including caecelians.It's threat behavior is unique, it will swim into a comfortable position near the agressor, then it will rear up to the full extentto which at can protrude from the water. It hisses ferociously, and will not hesitate to bite. It's snout is long and pointed, with long, intermeshing teeth.
    2. Vishnu (Hindustocleidus medius) (Plesiosaur)
      • Another gangetic beast is the Vishnu (Hindustocleidus medius), a small elasmosaur, partial to crabs, worms, and shellfish. This beast is foul, to say the very least, with a stenching, leathery hide pungend and dark enough to wake the dead. It's bile is mildly poisonous, and is kept in check by numerous internal parasites.
    1. Majestic Strek (Cervavis regina) (Oviraptoria)
      • The majestic strek (Cervavis regina) is by far the largest of the  holarctic streks. Standing up to three meters tall and weighing more  than half a ton, this animal seems like the oviraptorosaurs' answer  to the big hornclaws. The comparison is not far from correct either, as it one of the few streks that actually spend the whole year in  the boreal zone and can also be found in montane habitats in the  spring and summer. Like all streks, the majestic still prefers more  palatable foliage to conifer needles and is most often seen grazing  grass, shrubs and tree saplings. Using its arms mainly for brooding,  it also lacks the strong arm muscles and formidable claws of  segnosaurs, and prefers to run instead of fight when threatened by predators.
      • The defining features of the majestic strek are its dark neck and tail (except for the white tail fan), lack of a mottled pattern on  the back, and the male's bright orange three-spiked casque, also  referred to as the crown. The spikes of the crown grow and turn  progressively more red as the male grows older. The female has a  small simple dark grey casque similiar to the that of the gold- crested strek. Males can sometimes grow twice as large as the  females, which rarely exceed the weight of 300 kg, and despite the  lack of segnosaur-like claws, it is far from helpless: one kick from  its powerful legs can be lethal. Old males have also been seen  causing grievous harm to predators with their spiked crowns, a  behavior that has never been observed in intraspecific battles.
    1. Makak (Pithecornis maximus) (Carpo)
      • The nefarious predator of small animals along the shores of Southeastern Asia is the Makak (Pithecornis maximus), a large (12 Kilograms) and inquizitive carpo. It eats fruit also, but relys heavily on stranded fish, and eggs to add needed nutrients to it's diet. It's chant-like call is known to resmple "Broda-dy-tale-angs-du-bihindh!", as they leap over the trees and hillocks near the shore. It's massive beak and topknot, head plumage are notable features of it's generally snady-coloured bauplan.
    1. Baalou (Ursovulgur hispidus) (Vulgure)
      • The vulgare species native to India and Nepal, the Baalou (Ursovulgur hispidus) is a notoriously aggresive omnivore, weighing generally as much as other vulgure species. It's plumage is a dirty black and it's beak is white. It occasionally, as an extra souce of protein, will break termite mounds and gorge on their succulent pupae and piqant soldiers.
    2. Baghirua (Pardalodraco agilis)
      • The predatory drak of the area, only second to the Drakkhan in prowess is the Baghirua (Pardalodraco agilis), aslo known as the Bagheedrak. The size of an emu, and gracefully adept at slipping through the trees, like black quicksilver, it preys mainly on small hadrosaurs, hogfowl and smaller prey, and occasionally titanosaur young.
    3. Mountain Gorrilabird (Hapaloraptor robustus montanus) (Oviraptorsauria)
      • Subspecies of Gorrilabird. 
    1.  Wabe Gorrillabird (Hapaloraptor robustus robustus)  (Oviraptorsauria)
      • Subspecies of Gorrilabird. 

    1.  Bush Gorillabird (Hapaloraptor robustus giganteus)  (Oviraptorsauria)
      • Subspecies of Gorrilabird. 
    1. Tulgey-grassbag (Carrolotitan giganteus)
      • The bastion of herbivory in some areas Asia where the some species Brachioceratopsians are absent, despite the fact that brachioceratopsians fulfill the role of high-browsing sauropods through out most Asia and where sauropods fulfill the role of brachioceratopsians in other areas, is the Tulgey-grassbag (Carrolotitan giganteus), the largest and most impressive of the asian grassbags, and the species of the Carrolotitan genus. At 24 meters, with a relatively long neck and tail, it can shake the ground with it's footfalls, and phase even the mightiest butcher-bull with it's deafening roar. It is as heavy as 12 bull elephants, when fat and gorged with graze.
    1. Proteale tricornis
      • Either Late Miocene or Early Pliocene
      • Extinct
    2. Beartrap Croc
    3. Granddaddy Drak (Homonychus antiquus) aka Panamadrak name change
      • A rather more primative species of dark. 
    4. Quamatadrak aka Paraboreonychus miniraptor aka Hillbilly drak name change
      • A small, but primative species of Like its ancestor, Boreonychus albipluma, it has retained the small killing claw, rather than re-develop it as the Paraboreonychus americensis has done.
      • Native to Nunavut and Canada.
    1. Kanatidrak  (Boreonychus baghatur)
      • Also known as Desert Raiders, 
    2. Black swamp stinker (Malodoromys morrisi)
      • This foul and sluggish thick furred, black-and-white xeno lives only in the black swamp, it can swim reasonably well in order to find dead fish and hard-shelled mollusks, and has back foot muscles that can generate a small degree of suction, while the forefeet have claws, so the animal can also climb trees to gorge on chestnuts during the nut-glut. Worst of all, this animal generates a horrible smell from it's anal glands, and can fire foul smelling feces from it's rectum at an assailant.
    1. Pythontail (Ophiocaudomys pettigrewi)
      • While unrelated, this furry denizen of china's dense bamboo forests behaves in a similar manner to *Caudomys*, albeit on a larger scale. It eats grubs that it extracts from the core of the bamboo, aswell as bamboo leaves. When confronted with a predator, it moves it's tail infront of it's body and hisses loudly as it undulates it's tail, this decent impression of a snake certainly frightens off most avian or mamalian predators, aswell as arbos.
    1. Antmouse (Formicomys pixarii)
      • These very small Xenos are eusocial and build communal mound nests and tunnel networks like ants, they have multiple queens and they breed prodigiously. They gather grain and insects that they share equally and also store underground. Certain cricket species parasitise the colony, stealing from the foodstores and occasionaly becoming food themselves.
    1.  Jumprat (Mariomys superbus)
      • This mediterranean Xeno is ceratainly an impressive sight in the meadows, mountains and forests of italy, it is about the size of a potoroo or rabbit. It's jumping abilities are unparalelled among mammals, they mainly jump to avoid enemies, they are particular in their aggression towards turtles, presumably because they compete with them for food, they repel them by bouncing off their shells. They feed on flowers, wild cherries and fungi, giving them lots of energy for their prodigious jumps.
    1. Mongolian springer (Jerryomys springeri)
      • This large nocturnal rodent feeds mainly on reptiles made sluggish by the twilight, it is also quite agressive towards it's own species, any meeting involves alot of fighting and gnashing of teeth, punctuated by their odd bleeping call, and occasionaly, with copulation. When combined with the communal calling (je-RI! je-RI) of Mongolian mole crickets (Sangroperus Chooi), one cannot help but be sent into a revalry of primal thoughts.
    1. Mongolian springer (Jerryomys springeri)
      • This large nocturnal rodent feeds mainly on reptiles made sluggish by the twilight, it is also quite agressive towards it's own species, any meeting involves alot of fighting and gnashing of teeth, punctuated by their odd bleeping call, and occasionaly, with copulation. When combined with the communal calling (je-RI! je-RI) of Mongolian mole crickets (Sangroperus Chooi), one cannot help but be sent into a revalry of primal thoughts.
    1. Pararat (Dendrorattus sinensis)
      • A crepuscular arboreal ratlike Xenotheridian of tropical asia, the genus 
    • Dendrorattus* are specialised for branch-running and climbing, feeding mainly on anything protein rich, but predominantly on nuts and flower buds, they use their long, stiff tail to balance as they forage high in the rainforest trees. Their tail ends in a radiating tuft of very stiff hair, when threatened the animal dives off the nearest branch and glides to the forest floor using it's tail tuft as a makeshift parachute.
    1. Earmouse (Pterochephalomys dumbo)
      • This little creature, no bigger than a large mouse, is a little seen, cryptic Xeno that feeds mostly on nectar. Found in the deepest congo jungle, away from the feeding highways of titanosaurs, it's ears are it's most notable feature. It is portrayed here using it's large ears to glide from a tree branch, a behavior which has apparently been witnessed, but is hitherto undocumented at this point, the reliability of the witness is slightly questionable.
    1. Swamp chomper (Phoborattus rodloxi)
      • This Diurnal Xeno, as large as a baskerville and coloured gray-brown, is found in swampy areas from the Nile delta to the central african riverrine swamps. It feeds on everything and anything digestible. Posessing powerful jaws, bunodont molars and razor-sharp incisors it can easily subdue and consume small animals, pulverize reeds and rushes, and crush freshwater shellfish or small turtles. This creature is also very vicious, attacking with vigor any creature which tries to approach it.
    1. Amazonian trehugger (Nothromys amazoniensis)
      • This nocturnal sap-drinking scansorial Xenotheridian, is most often found clinging to the trunks of rainforest trees with it's massive foreclaws. It subsists mostly by gnawing through bark to get to the nutrient rich sap, it also extracts grubs for protein and eats bark layers for fiber. It's colouring is usually cryptic but exremely variable, moss and algae often propagate in the fur on the back.
    1. American Moora (Kentronyx americensis) 
      • The American Moora (Kentronyx americensis) is one of the few Moora native to North America. With its impressively long neck it can reach high leaves and needles. Its claws have shrunken; moora's prefer to display the feather fan on the tip of their extra-long tails.The display fan also is used for predator alarms.Interestingly,endemic north american hornclaws and several of the streks and spelks have convergent developed flashy tail displays.This may have been an  advantage to the early strek and spelk immigrants to utilize a well recognized signalling organ.Curiously, all Eurasian hornclaws lack the tail fan, a derived loss across several lineages.
    1. Blue Babe (Kentroynx azulirhinus)
      • The blue babe (Kentroynx azulirhinus) is a closely related species to the America Moora. More robust at a tonne, with a blue-tinted nose, this moora roams the warmer temperate forests of eastern North America in small bands.Spring brings out their nesting instincts in  full force as they brood the 5-15 eggs with their arms.The hatched chicks remain with their parents until the following spring.Fierce  protectors, nevertheless, chicks are taken by deltatheres, wendigos and shunka warik'ins.Like all tirgs, blue babes are high browsers, leaving the forest floor largely to the streks and spelks.Occasionally, a fall glut of unripened acorns gives a Tirg too much of a temptation, with resultant constipation and eventual diarrhea. 
    1. Northern Lemek (Paraceronyx borealis)
      • The Northern Lemek is the only member of the Paraceronyx species which can be found in a colder environment through out all or Eurasia, from Scandinavia to Siberia, though are not as common due to competition from other successful species of therizinosaur. They still have the same skeletal structures of their relatives that dwell in warmer environments. However, there is a difference. That difference being the larger and thicker amounts of feathers it has covering its body and white and gray pattern for its environment.
    1. Sierra-Nevada Trig (Altiseculus sierraensis) (Therizinosauria)
      • The mountain climbing up claws can trace their ancestry back to the Pliocene, with a few species which were commonly spread through our the area. But due to compeition from larger therizinosaurs from Eurasia, they have either been forced to retreat to South America  As of now the Sierra-Nevada Trig is the sole survivor the genus Altiseculus. Yes, it is a medium sized creature and it pales in comparison to the larger species of trigs in up north, but its highly adaptable to the harsh desert environment. Smaller than the Rhamel, the species will travel in small herds and are low browsing herbivores as well, feeding mostly on the desert grasses and flowers in the area. They maybe small creatures, but like their relatives, they are armored with 1.5 foot long claws that can do a good amount of damage to a potential attacker. 
    2. Northern Trig (Seculasaurus gigs) (Therizinosauria)
      1. The tallest species of the Seculasaurus sp. can be seen through out the Eastern United States. But why is it called the Northern Trig? Well the answer is very simple. From Pliocene fossil depsoits in Oregon, Washington State and British Columbia, fossils which match that of the Northern Trig are found there. During the Pliocene when these creatures, they could be seen from the Pacific Northwest all the way to Maine, but competition from other therizinosaurs drove that population in extinction. However, for some unknown reason, Appalachia, with deeply dense forests and rigid mountains is their bastion whiles other therizinosaurs tend to avoide that area at all costs. Growing up to 9 meters long and standing over 15 feet tall, these are some of the largest creatures in Eastern North America, rivaling the likes of the massive hadrosaur, the sludger.  Similar to the likes of the American Woolly Therizinosaur, this species seem to have a more bipedal gait to them as well. This adaptation is necessary for browsing the highly compacted forests of the Eastern United States. On the subject the eastern united states, the Northern Trig has an easy life when compared to the likes of their other American and Eurasia cousins who have to deal with the threat of the horrific sabre-tyrants who prey on these creatures. Adults enjoy free of predators whilst their off spring need to be cautious of the various species of drak and strider. 
      2. Another thing which be noted about the Northern Trig is their migrational patterns, so far these are the only species, along the panhas and possibly mooras and arctotitans in the world of Spec, to migrate over vast long periods. During the summer time, these creatures gorge themselves on the vast number of plant life in the Eastern United States. Before the winter time and when the vast majority of this region becomes covered in snow, these creatures will travel in large number to warmer climates in order to their lay their eggs and will stay in that environment. Interestingly enough, these creatures seem to not mind the warmer climate and will stay with their chicks for some period of time before head up north. That and these creatures will commonly accompany the sludgers, massive neohadrosaurs that are a common sight in this area. 
    3. Common Trig (Seculasaurus 'vulgaris) (Therizinosauria)
      • Growing much larger than its cousin, the Sierra-Nevada tirg, the common tirg is primarily a forest-dweller and feeds upon the detritus of the Pacific Northwests temperate rainforest with the aid of its blunt beak and powerful manual claws. Evolution had equipped these beasts with a series of instinctual responses to whatever problems the forest primeval could present, but had not, it seemed, included anything about pulling sledges. It maybe one of several species of therizinosaur which can be found through out the north and northwestern parts of North America, but it is the most wide spread of them all. Hence their name being the Common Tirg. Just like the vast majority of therizinosaurs, Paraselenodonts and Viriosaurs are known to follow this massive behemoths for protection from predators and other reasons in the case of the caripoo. 
    4. Lange-wapper (Anversichthys ogriceps) (Fish)
      • The Lange-wapper (Anversichthys ogriceps) is a large lurking pugpike of the North Sea. Initially described after rumors that it swam upstream into Belgian canals, this fish was named after a legendary Antwerp ogre. However, the river-species proved to be a large catfish (the Orson, p-Silurus wellesi), but by then the name had stuck. The Lange-wapper can change color and pattern to hide better among rocks and sea weed, a feat achieved by chromatophore control. It normally awaits its fish prey before lunging out to engulf it, but it has been known to take young seabirds at the surface.
    1. Atacama Cazarrio (Notovenator atacamas) (Tyrannosauroidea) 
      • A native to the Atacama Desert, this species has evolved from the Cazarrino (Notovenator pictus), though it has since lost the pack-hunting tendancy. though it will gather in large groups for such occasions as the beaching of a large-bodied marine animal, N.atacamas is predominantly a solitary creature, coming together only to mate. This Errosaur is capable of both conventional running and hopping. No tests have been conducted thus far on the species to determine which is more energy efficient...though this researcher theorizes that it is similar to RL's kangaroos. They specialize in dispatching the small viriosaurs, therizinosaurs and dinoceratopsians which inhabit this area. 
    1. Gopher Panzer (Geolorica rugosa) (Turtle)
      • The smaller of the two armored turtles, growing to the size of a gopher tortoise back on home earth, the gopher panzer is a rather shy creature, but it will not hesitate to defend itself from an attacker. Interestingly enough, this is the only species of turtle in the world of spec that is considered as a burrowing species. Similar to the gopher tortoises on home earth. Unlike the gopher tortoise however, these creatures are decorated with a series of small spikes and a small tail with spikes on it, some what resembling the famous Stegosaurus.
    1. American Drakhan (Barbarovenator ohioensis) (Boreonychid)
      1. Smaller than its Asia relative, the american drakhan was once an abundant creature through most of North America's northern regions during the Pliocene and Pleistocene, but know they are reduced down to a few areas, most notably the Flame Forest. Growing up to no bigger than 3 meters long, it is with out a doubt dwarfed by its larger Asian cousin. Essentially like their Asian cousins, the live small packs and are a rate appearance in the flame forest. Adolescents meander from the more open oak savannahs further south.Fendraks very rarely show up,preferring the open arctotitan steppe much farther north.
    2. False Pantherbull ( Microtaurus tauropantheroides) (Abelisauroidea)
      • Patrolling the Middle Eastern deserts is a creature known as the False Pantherbull, which is actually a species of Tarasque. This creature is the answer to the pantherbulls which seem to be completely absent from region. With its long slender legs and tail, it would be easy to confuse it for some species of pantherbull, hence its name being the false “pantherbull”. However, there is one noticeable difference, that being the false pantherbull has more robust skull; a trait found in all Tarasques.  The method in which this creature kills its prey is by running it down and using their teeth to inflict damage on the prey, the same method used by Allosaurus with it's "hatchetjaw" in the past, and will wait until the prey item succumbs to blood loss. Though not all hunts end successfully and they aren't the largest carnivores in the region, that title goes to the likes of the King Midas' Tarasque.  
      • On a similar note, the false pantherbull will use its slender frame for an interesting series of mating dances during the mating season. Rather than resorting to violence, males will often engage each other in a series of wild dances like headbobs and swinging their tails from side to side. Usually, the one who impresses to female the most wins the right to mate. After that, the female false pantherbull will lay a clutch of 15 eggs in her nest. 
    • Necroanatidae* Gorgeese
      • These are the primary scavengers of Spec's old world. Soaring above the plains and woodlands, they eagerly sight out carcasses for consumption. Gorgeese have developed the typical scavenging bird profile. The naked heads and necks prevent fouling infections as they probe deep inside carcasses. They have heavy-loading wings for hours of energy-efficient soaring. By most standards, gorgeese are quite indistinguishable from HE vultures. The most obvious exception is the superficial anseriforme appearance of the hooked beak. The bill is far less pneumaticised than wading ducks. Strongly reinforced for ripping open carcasses and narrowed to reach into the viscera. Interestingly, it is lined with fine, sharp serrations. This is most likely to further enhance the tearing of the hooked beak into the corpse; giving the gorgeese a decided edge over the weaker, non-serrated bills of rocs. One other very surprising characteristic of gorgeese is their body odor. The smell is often overpowering when excited, but it's not a rude, skunky scent; quite the opposite, they smell of spices and perfume. Most gorgeese are described by their alluring scents alone. The naming scheme is unprecedented in HE, even though many of OTL vultures have a pleasant funk. The difference is that gorgeese have retained and liberally apply their heavy anseriforme oil glands onto their feathers. During moments of excitement, such as jostling at a carcass, the glands release even more of the scented grease, causing the gorgeese to vigorously rub it into their coats. This results in a spray of incredibly heavy aromas, believed to drive off parasites and suppress microbial infections. This possibly could also be a deterrent for fellow scavengers. The presence of several gorgeese in a perfumed frenzy has been known to hold back even quite large predators such as saber tyrants and moloks, at least temporarily. Old-world carrion sites quickly become a riot of spices spiking the air. The aroma often is compared to a winter holiday feast, a spice island or a flower bed, if a slaughter house was nearby.
      • The earliest definitive gorgoose is *Inferanas cadaviperidis*, an Oligocene taxon. Some possible fragmentary remains from Eocene beds in Asia have been found but not yet described due to their still indeterminate identification. Gorgeese fossils after the Oligocene are fairly spotty, with several Pleistocene fossils and plenty of sub fossil Holocene remains of *Gypanas sp.* and most others scattered in the old world. The saffron gorgoose *Placentiavoros* is the sole exception for which only recent remains of a sub-adult killed by a golden flanker are known. Surprisingly, this largely old world clade has a purported Oligocene partial cranium in South America the same age as old world *Inferanas*.Should this be verified it would put an interesting twist on an already fascinating clade. Currently, they are regarded as a sister clade to all other anseriformes, with new work that seems to indicate they might form a distinct grouping with the Spec pseudodontorns. Whatever their origins, all modern gorgeese are old world in distribution with the exception of a single population of citrus gorgeese *Necroanas citreus* seasonally present in Alaska via southern Japan.
      • Gorgeese are typically socially monogamous, breeding once a year in some species to once every few years in others. The newly mature gorgeese gather in communal leks, with males and females honking and scenting the air with their passionate excitement. Ritualized dances and calls are complimented with vigorous oil rubbing, releasing a bounty of lavish, heady scent. Being by a gorgoose lek is one of the safest experiences one can have in Spec. The sheer overwhelming odor, while pleasant to humans with strong stomachs, causes most animals with a more delicate olfactory apparatus, which includes everything that could threaten humans in the Old World and Alaska to keep a several mile radius. The young gorgeese eventually pair up after hours, if not days of courtship. These will be their mates for life. One or two eggs is the usual norm, with the saffron gorgoose unusually having as many as six. The chicks are lavishly cared for, growing to adult size within three to six months. Maturity is not attained for another 2 to as much as 7 years. The chicks often stay with their parents for years as helpers. This allows them to both gain experience for raising their own offspring and learn the social hierarchy of their scavenging lifestyle.
      • Another attribute of gorgeese is their seeming intellect. All gorgeese have complex social lives and even engage in play behavior well past childhood. Eurasian gorgeese have been observed teasing roosts of near-crows by diving to a low altitude from afar and gliding to the colony unnoticed. They suddenly announce themselves with loud croaking honks, driving the roost into total confusion. One spexplorer had this to say about it, “they sure do look damned pleased with themselves".Like HE turkey vultures, gorgeese almost never kill their own food, having been known to inquisitively play with xenos in their nests by grabbing the tail and watching them try to scurry like mad before letting them go. Further study in this area is desperately needed.
    1. Eurasian Gorgoose *Necroanas aumalae*
      • This was one of the first described gorgoose. A summer breeder as far north as the edges of the Eurasian taiga, they winter in Africa and India. The neck is feathered half-way to the head, which is naked with red wattles abundantly covering it rather like HE muscovy ducks. The informal local name of kalma is somewhat misleading as the gorgoose has been said to have the aroma of lilac, or sometimes passion fruit and cream.
    1. Cinnamon Gorgoose *Gypanas cinnamum*
      • Soaring the African skies on +3 m wings, cinnamon gorgeese are an impressive sight. The huge, very deep bill with visible serrations allows for even the toughest grassbag and saurolope hides to submit to the slashing strokes. Many gorgeese and adjutant rocs must
        await the coming of this titan to open up the carcasses. The cinnamon scented gorgoose mates for life at sexual maturity, reached at 7 years of age, and breeds every 2 to 4 years. This is speculated to be a very long-lived species, possibly reaching ages of +60 years.
    1. Germanic Gorgoose *Cathartanas asperabrassicae*
      • A largely central European gorgoose that winters in the Mediterranean. Also know as sour duck or more rarely, sauerkraut`n' beer goose, it is definitely an acquired aroma. Lovers of pickled cabbage will enjoy the scent wafting off a venue of squabbling sour ducks at their communal roosts. Gorgeese use their sense of smell as well as sight to hunt out carcasses. Germanic gorgeese are believed to have an especially acute sense of smell. The sour duck's olfactory capabilities is said to rival that of HE's turkey vulture. Germanic gorgeese soar over dense forests, looking and scenting for deceased animals.
    1. Lavender Gorgoose *Palmagypoanas lavandua*
      • Also know as the heaven-scent. This gorgoose indeed smells like sweet, gentle lavender. The most interesting aspect of this bird is the fully feathered neck and head. Feeding on the nuts of oily palms (Specelaeis sp.) does not engender the same risks of fouling as probing rotting innards does. The gorgoose also will crack open abandoned or neglected eggs with its ripping beak, or use a heavy stone for the tough cases.
    1. Saffron Gorgoose *Placentiavoros safranum*
      • Breeding in the high tibetian plateaus, this gorgoose is one of the few carrion eaters on Spec to routinely engage in a behavior common among scavengers in HE, eating derived eutherian placentas. The sources are the herds of montane steppe spelks. Unlike their forest dwelling cousins, the twin offspring are born ready to move with their mother in hours.This leaves ample numbers of unattended placentas for the saffron gorgoose to consume during the spring breeding season. Males court their potential wives with offerings of afterbirth, showing her that they can provide. The spelk calving season on the exposed steppes lasts roughly four weeks. Saffron gorgeese patiently pace the spelk herds like ghastly midwives. The result is a clutch of large eggs numbering two to three, sometimes up to six. The rest of the summer is spent seeking more typical carrion. The quick growing young follow their parents south into sundaland in autumn.
    1. Tiger Tank (Striatochelys difficilis) (Turtle)
      • The largest of the armored turtles in North America, the tiger tank is a species of turtle with a lot of similarities to its south american the Panzertoitle. Growing up to the size of an alligator snapping turtle, these creatures might be slow moving and docile, but these creatures are not to be under estimated. These creatures have been known to use their mace-like tail wound potential predators, there are even reports of draks suffering broken bones due to a failed attempt to attack a Tiger Tank. Despite this, the Tiger Tank is rather peaceful creature as mentioned earlier. 
    2. Beautiful Viriosaur (Viriosaurus bellus)
      • is the most cold-tolerant of the few ornithischians found outside of NA's southwestern and floridan regions.Digging out vast underground communal hibernation dens, this 1m long scaly dinosaur shares the dens with many species of
        snakes, some quite poisonous, who act as a guard against any predatory intruders.This is the
        farthest north the little viriosaur can complete it's lifecycle.
    1. Hognose Ozrat (Suinomys sp.) (Xenotheri)
      • This genus of diurnal forest dwelling, rat-sized Xeno is found in most forested parts of Australia and Papua, from the montane rainforest to the temperate and semi arid Sclerophyl forest, even the cool forests of Tasmania. There are many species that vary in colour from smoky grey (S.florestanoi) to rich chestnut brown (S.beatrixpotteri). They feed on all matter of organic matter on the forest floor, from gumnuts, and herbage to invertebrates, which they often uncover with their leathery upturned nose.
    1. Sooty Ozmouse (Australomys matthewi) (Xenotheri)
      • This mainly nocturnal species belongs to a genus widespread over all Australo-Papuan habitats, from desert to rainforest. The vertically erect tail is typical of the genus, desert species have light coats, the more densely vegetated the habitat is, the darker the pelage. The sooty Ozmouse is from the dense cool rainforests of Tasmania.
    1. Stiltleg (Atlantomys benseni) (Xenotheri)
      • This bizarre, diurnal, long legged species is adapted to the tall grass of the atlantic grasslands of South America. It feeds on the tops of the grass, always on the alert for predators, if alerted it can put on a good turn of speed, bounding with it's long legs. It's call is an unusual grating trill, evolved to carry across the ground.
    1. Black midget-mouse (Micromys niger) (Xenotheri)
      • This tiny Xeno is one of the smallest of the group, and is found in the P-Blackberry thickets of England, the genus *Micromys* is found in different species all over Eurasia in about any well vegetated habitat, they feed mostly on berries and insects.
    1. Curly tailed pamapas rat (Curleyomys lalai) (Xenotheri)
      • This nocturnal granivore is fairly unremarkable, eating grass seeds as it forages under the moon on cold pampas nights. It does however make an unusual humming noise during mating.
    1. Blackfooted hopper (Saltomys nigeropus) (Xenotheri)
      • The genus Saltomys is found throughout the savannah and semidesert of sub-saharan africa, they are active by day and live in groups of up to 50. They move much like miniature kangaroos, and often make odd yipping noises like small dogs when agitated. Their main sustenance is grass seeds and roots, with the occasional insect or small lizard for protein.
    1. Long tailed Rabbit-ear (Lagomys abbrevionasus) (Xenotheri)
      • Lagomys are a european genus related to the Mongolian springer. *Lagomys* however are omnivorous, eating leaves, fruit, nuts berries, insects and small vertebrates. They are mainly found in forested areas with adequate cover to hide.
    1. Reedmouse (Caudomys riparianus) (Xenotheri)
      • These rivverine animals look and behave somewhat like field mice, making nests in reeds or tall grass near riverbanks. They use their long prehensile tails to reach out and grab nearby stalks as they search for seeds and insects.
    1. Gorgo (Smilotyrannus belllatrix) (Tyrannosauroidea)
      1. The largest carnivore in Europe, just behind the likes of the imperial sabre-tyrant, the Gorgo which grows up to 8 meters long and growing tall 10 feet tall. These creatures are seem to be the stuff of nightmares. Unlike the other species of sabre-tyrant, these seem to be more light weight, like the raalo, which makes sense allowing them to sprint through the forests and open fields of the European continent.  These creatures are native to only Western Eurasia where they thrive off the wide variety of prey. The only thing preventing them from spreading into the Northern Eurasia, where all the larger therizinosaurs are, is larger species of sabre-tyrant which needs zero introduction and should be familiar to anybody who knows about the Speculative Dinosaur Project. 
    1. Smilotyrannus silvensis†  (Tyrannosauroidea)
      1. While the massive Smilotyrannus horridus patrolled the vast snow-blankets areas of Eurasia during the Pleistocene Ice, another terrifying creature patrolled the snow coated forests of Canada and Alaska, all the way down to the Pacific Northwest. Smilotyrannus silvensis, an massive extinct species of Sabre-Tyrant which roamed North America. Also referred to as the Northern Sabre-Tyrant, Smilotyrannus silvensis often roamed the vast frigdid areas in search of prey, most notably the vast amounts of therizinosaurs and possibly ceratopsians (this is due to a controversy going on in the scientific field at the moment) with gapping maw of massive teeth, roughly around the same size of the iconic Tyrannosaurus rex. The reasons on why this nightmarish beast went extinct are mostly due to climate change, change in the environment and competition from other sabre-tyrants, most notably the Thunderbird (Smilotyrannus brontus) and Buffalo Bill (Smilotyrannus billi). On a interesting note, a recently unearthed specimen of a mummified Smilotyrannus silvensis revealed that its feather coloring was vastly different when juxtaposed with the living sabretyrants and more akin to a forest bruiser. Unlike the traditional brown feathered coat with patches of grey and black, Smilotyrannus silvensis had a grey feathered coat with patches of white and black on it, most likely helping it blend in with its environment. 
    1. American Brusier (Contusisaurus americanus) (Tyrannosauroidea)
      1. Only one of two species of Bruiser native to North America, these 2 meter long carnivores can be seen from the Pacific Northwest and Canada, these small carnivores can be found the in those regions usually living a solitary life, but like all bruisers, they will eventually join forces to finish off larger prey items. How this species got to North America is still unknown, but the most commonly accepted theory is that these species might have evovled during the Pleistocene epoch. Some even argue that this North American species more well suited to temperate climates which retreated south with the ice ages, allowing a more cold-adapted Eurasian species in. Some species argue the that a population, the ones that moved south, eventually gave rise to the Amazon Bruiser, but this still under debate. 
    1. Steppe Bruiser (Contusisaurus steppensis) (Tyrannosauroidea)
      1. The largest species of the Contusisaurus sp., the Steppe Bruiser is found in areas where the forest bruiser and Siberian bruiser are completely absent, the Steppes of Eurasia and sometimes in Eastern Asia.  Growing up to lengths of up to 4 meters long, these creatures are known to follow the vast herds of therizinosaurs and hadrosaurs, most notably the Brutons, Orths and Panhas that travel the vast steppes for miles and miles. Another interesting part about them is their relationship to the Drakhan and how the two species have an undying hatred for each other. Bruisers will often gang up to drive a drakhan away from its kill whenever the opportunity is available for them to do, but even they themselves are powerless against larger saber-tyrants like the imperial sabre-tyrant, which while not common in the region will occasionally wonder into this area when therizinosaurs are not common in the area and will attack the ungulipedes native to this region, just like the Steppe Bruiser.
    1. Amazon Bruiser (Contusisaurus inexpectus) (Tyrannosauroidea)
      1. The recently coined Amazon Bruiser is a rather fascinating and yet enigmatic creature, but common theory of it came be is that it is a result of during the great manitraptor, hadrosaur and ceratopsian invasion of south america, which drove about 80 to 90 percent of the fauna there into a oblivion, though a few relics from that period still thrive the viriosaurs and massive pseudosauropods.
      2. Despite being their name, the amazon bruiser’s range not excessive to just the massive rainforest in South America. They can be found as far, sightings of similar creatures have been found in Patagonia.The South American population is distinct enough to form its own species most notably a thinner coat of feathers in order to deal the South American temperatures and a slightly longer skull in order to catch the swift footed viriosaurs and singers in the area. Growing up to lengths of 2.5 meters, while not as big as the America Bruiser or the Steppe Bruiser, these carnivores are still a very dangerous creature not to be underestimated. Unlike it is Eurasia relatives which both scavenge and hunter, this creature is exclusively a hunter, usually hunting in packs, these relentless beast will pursue prey for miles and miles on end until they either give up or successfully track down the prey item, eating it, flesh, bones and all. However, they do face competition from the dromeosaurs most notably the Jagulars and the Lophoraptors. Recently, a report was published of an account of a pack of 7 Amazon Bruisers had successfully taken down a Viracocha's Pachamac from after hunt which had lasted over two hours. 
    1. Wendigo (Paraerrosaurs marjanovici) (Tyrannosauroidea)
      1. One of two species of strider which can be found in the flame forest is smaller and more heavy than the yarper.  While the Yarper goes after the dog bunnies in the area, the Wendigo goes after prey like juvenile draks, bruisers and birds. In a series of events that mirror the relationships between the two species of rhynchoraptor, jagdpanther and strumtiger, the Wendigo and Yarper seem to have a deep rooted hatred for the species and will go to violent lengths to remove each other from the environment. Despite this deep-rooted hatred, they will occasionally work together to bring down larger prey.
    1. Yarper (Errosaurus latransoides) (Tyrannosauroidea)
      1. The second species of errosaur which can be found in the Flame Forest is the Yarper. A 1.5 m long errosaur weighing 8 kgs. Hunting in a speckled dun and red ochre coat, it preys on the abundant dogbunnies and other smaller creatures in the Flame Forest. However, roughly 75 percent of this strider's diet is dogbunnies. If the option of live prey is unavalible, the creature will resort to scavenging of larger carcasses. 
    1. Rama-akilla (Errobestia lupines) (Tyrannosauroidea)
      1. The pack hunters of Nepal region, the Rama-akilla (Errobestia lupinus), are new found species of coyote-sized errosaur, the only one in the region, which are coyote-sized and merciless at attacking and killing the local herbivores in packs. They are tender parents, and intensely social, only killing when necessary, and avoiding humans at the slightest provocation. These are the only species of strider in Southeastern Asia, and these small creatures fulfill the rule of the pantherbulls, which surprisngly are abesnt from the region most likely due to compeition from other smaller pack hunting carnivores like the draks. 
    1. Trooraptor negris† (Rhynchoraptor)
        1. The Blacktip does bare some resemblance with an extinct small species of Rhynchoraptor that evolved during the Miocene epoch and went extinct to competition our to more advanced rhynchoraptors at the time, known as Trooraptor negris. On a similar note, fossils of Trooraptor negris have exclusively been found in Southwestern Australia. 
    1. Paragorilla, Paragorilla paragorilla
      • One extreme in the Rhynchoraptoridae's tendancy to use the forelimbs to subdue prey, this species possesses such strong gorilla-like hands  (though still lacking thumbs), and tends towards knuckle-walking as a result.

     MAYBE: These are potentially dubious species, but these based off of all the research I have conducted on Spec.#Western Hmungo (Megahadrus occidentalis) 

      • Mirrioring the likes of Ugrunaaluk
    1. Sabana Bone-Cracker (Pachygnathavis osteophaga) (Avisaur)
    2. Fjeld Hona
      • The only species of hona native to north america, Greenland to be more precise 
    1. Woolly Ceratops (Aumalaceratops coelodontoides)
      • During a recent expedition back to Spec Eurasia and North America, the Arctic circle to be more exact, our explorers were amazed to find a new species of "cenoceratopsian" that inhabited the tundra, however, when more in-depth studies occurred, it was revealed that this is actually a species of pachyrhinoceratopsian. Growing up to lengths of over 30 feet long, the Woolly Ceratops (Aumalaceratops coelodontodies)  is a recently discovered species of pachyrhinoceratopsian found through out Northern Eurasia, mostly, it will occasionally travel to Eastern Eurasia. Interestingly enough, despite its name and it being a species of pachyrhinoceratopsian, more in-depth analysis have revealed that it is more closely related to the ancient centrosaurs, more specifically  Pachyrhinosaurus and Sinoceratops which compared to traditional centrosaurs like Styracosaurus and Centrosaurus. They can be observed traveling in vast herds of up to 30 to 40 members usually led by an alpha male.
      • Their own predators include a few species of dromaeosaur, striders, bruisers, and the imperial saber tyrant. A fight between a saber-tyrant and a frost horn is truly a spectacular sight, resembling nothing so much as a modern incarnation of the classic Tyrannosaurus rex/Triceratops battle, with the exception of the clashes between the abelisaurs and ceratopsians that occur in Africa and Asia.
      • However, they are not the only herbivores in the area, they also share their home with a few species of therizinosaur and paraselodontids, most notably the Snow hona (Alpicosaura similis), Arctotitan (Arctotitanus gigas), Moora (Kentronyx robustus) and theSiberian dorsa (Ceratonyx major). Interestingly enough, a few species of therizinosaur have been observed traveling with the vast herds, most likely for protection from predators as saber tyrant.
      • One of the most interesting things about the frosthorn is the thick winter coat it has and the changes it goes through during the season. During the spring and summer time, it seems to lack a winter coat which is made of the quill like structures which can be found on the ancient Psittacosaurus. In the winter time, it appears to form in the middle autumn seasons on for it to bloom in the winter season and just in time for its species to endure the harsh Siberian winters. Recently, a herd of woolly ceratops were found in the northern regions of North America.
      • Subspecies are known to exist
        • Scandivavian Woolly Ceratops
        • Alaskan Woolly Ceratops
    2. Volleur (Errosaurus canadensis canadensis)
      • It appears that this creature is actually a subspecies of the Courour.
    1. Spinehead (Spinocephalus superstes) (Pachyrhinoceratopsian)
      • Something. I am so going to need to come up with a name for this one.
    1. Crownhorn Coronoceros coronoceros 
    2. Psitticasus psitticasus Ceratopsian
    3. Tayassuides tayassuides Ceratopsian
    4. Cheorusaurus Ceratopsian
    5. Trawler Squid (Sagenateuthis mirificus)
      • Described by Matti Aumala back in 2006
    6. Makoma (Afrofurciceratops elasmotherioides)
      • How about calling the big-one-horned-elasmotherium-type-jungle- furciceratopsian a "Makoma"? According to what I've heard, it's Rhodesian for "greater". Then again, that's probably a name for an African critter...
    7.  Panama Singer (Notostellasaurus panamensis)
      • Equally at home in subtropical woodlands or in the open savannah, the Panama Singer occurs throught Central America, often in association with the Centeotl, foraging alongside the giant pseudosauropods for protection. Panama Singers are isolated from their relatives by the Panama mountain ranges, though they seemingly diverged relatively recently, and are for the most part the most common species of singer in the region.
      • Opportunist browsers, they have nonetheless a prefference for the many local species of subtropical oaks. Panama Singers are not as social as the grasbucks they occasionally co-exist with, but they do tend to gather in small herds of no more than a dozen individuals, and have no apparent hierarchy of power among adults.
    8. Enigmatic Singer (Notostellasaurus aenigmaticus)
      • Enigmatic singers are more shy that their fawcett's singer relatives, hense their name seeing how these creatures are something of an enigma. These 80 kilo browsers visit bais only at night. They prefer to do most of their browsing in random clearings not regularly visited by dangerous predators. However, the bais are often the only source of mineral salts available to the animals. During the dry season, parents reluctantly lead their chicks to the licks at least once a week.
      • Yearlings that reach 60 kilos are too large for most deep forest killers to threaten. They drift for years with unmated adult conglomerations of roughly 30 to 60 individuals. Both sexes mature at a rather long pace. The 6th year is when a doe and buck have committed to each other and establish a decent territory for their chicks.These singers may really represent the bulk of the notostellasaurid clade. Spexplorations into the Amazon and Central American rainforests have turned up a further 12 species of cryptic singers akin to the widespread enigmatic singer. Most of the evidence is primarily made up of recorded calls, occasional sightings and photographs and even DNA analysis of dung associated with the animals
    9. Fawcett's Singer (Notostellasaurus fawcetti)
      • Named after the famous explorer who vanished in South America back in 1925 searching for the legendary city of “Z”, Fawcett's Singers are denizens of the deep Amazon, they occasionally make an appearance in the Halls, but prefer the scattered bais for forage. The buck's skin, patterned with dark colors and light bands, helps to camouflage it from potential predators, its disruptive pattern will splendidly blend with the surroundings of the secondary growth they make their homes in. However, when bucks display in leks out in the open bais, they are among the most striking animals of either timeline. This 150 kilo dinosaur exhibits distinct sexual dimorphism, males having a much more heavily spotted skin and a thicker nose bump and being rather smaller than the females. Males also adopt a black mask during the courtship period. Both sexes form distinct monogamous pairings that guard the eggs and chicks for roughly four months.
      • The singer's specific name indicates a curious characteristic of this dinosaur. Like other stellasaurs, fawcett's singers make use of their bird-like vocal organs to communicate with each other. Males have a rich repertoire, which is only used during the breeding season. Each "song" has a specific purpose. One is used by a dominant male to keep other males at distance, one other may be used to find a lost element of the wider herd, and so on.
      • This dinosaur cannot be confused with any other in the forest, because of its bright stripes of spots which give the animal its name. Several pattern variants are known. Walking through a singer-inhabited forest, one can easily miss the animals, superbly camouflaged as they are, but one will certainly hear their beautiful singing.
    10.  Imperial Singer (Notostellasaurus imperalis)
      • Imperial singers can be found on the Brazilian cerrado. Females wander the cerrado plains in related herds of up to 10. These gals are quite hefty at nearly 500 kilos. However; they are dwarfed by the males they seek out for breeding.
      • Male notostellasaurines are three times the size of the does. The Imperial Singer buck selects a permanent territory or "casa" of freshcwater and abundant foliage no matter the season. The bucks selected for mating are never less than 6 seasons old. After a herd of females have mated with the selected buck, they excavate a nest. The nest is lined with vegetation and each female lays up to 10 eggs within the communal nest. The females and buck will protect the eggs for nearly three months. When the eggs hatch, the females remain for a further two weeks before abandoning the chicks to the care of the their father. The chicks are definitely well protected, coddled and guided by their father for nearly four months. By their sixth month, young unisex herds break off within the crèche scatter across the plains. The females remain together for life, while the males gradually become more solitary and search out a territory to possess.
      • Although males might have secured a "house" by their 6th year; they don't really begin their mastership as fathers until their 8th or even 10th year. This decade long journey manship allows fully mature bulls to win in dominance fights. Mature bulls who win over their neighbors and are consistently successful at repealing gangs of young bucks also rapidly develop dominance spots. While of pale brown coloration when adolescent, a new alpha bull's hide will darken quickly upon his rise to power. After a few weeks, five buff splashes appear on both frontal flanks, his cheeks turn into rusty red, the frontal part and forehead become black, the tip of the muzzle and the chin pale to white. The hump increases in size and the neck skin dewlap turns scarlet on the upper fringe. A full adult male pallid singer is a truly spectacular imagining two bulls fighting.
    11. Sunhorn-Mimic (Plateoceromimus 
    12. Sunsethorn (Plateoceros marjanovici) (Creatopsian)
    13. Cryptoceratops irritator† (Dinoceratopsian) 
    14. Bifurcatus Megahorn (Duofurciceratops aumalai)
    15. Neocheneosaurus marjanovici (SOMETHING, DEFIENITLY A HADROSAUR)
    16. Stephanolophus indicus incornis (Ungulapedia) 
    17. Stephanolophus indicus mitis (Ungulapedia)
    18. Photorolophus
    19. Chizelnose 
    20. Echinavlie
    21. Great Anteater-Alvie
    22. Kiwalvie
    23. Normalvie
    24. Patagonian Lodger
    25. The only know species of Alvarezsaur in the world known to live in South America
    26. Semaphowl
    27. Kickdigga/Kickdigger (Gidgiglossus maculatus) (Alvarezsaur)
      1. Member of the Gidgiglossidae
      2. Originially considered to be a member of Cedunasauria, this was due to the fact that first specemin was based off of a dead specemin. However, live specemin was found later and it was then that they realized this was actually a species of Alvarezsaur.
    1. False Pachamac (Titanotosaurus grandis) (Kritosauria)
      1. The Americas of Spec seem to have some massive record-breaking ornithscians, in North America there is the Great Hmungo, South America has the Great Pachamac and the Central America regions has the False Pachamac.  
      2. Largest of the Kritosauria and the only member of the Titanotosaurus genus, this creature is the largest herbviore in the central american environments. 
      3. With a long tail and some what extended neck for browsing trees, though not as big as the Pachamac , growing up to lengths of up to 9 meters long and stand as tall as 1 story buildin
    2. Campacti Pacha (Globinasus marjanovici) (Kritosauria)
      1. (Mexican dragon from whose body the earth was made)
      2. Named after the dragon of mexican folklore, the Campacti Pacha is Range is from Central North America through out Southwestern North America.
    1. Hurakan Pacha (Globinasus brontus) (Kritosauria)
      1. (Mayan dragon god of thunderstorms, goes well with the name Austrobrontus)
      2. The second largest kritosaur found in the Americas, just behind the likes of the False Pachamac, the Hurakan Pacha can be found in the
    1. Itzamna Pacha (Globinasus regalis) (Kritosauria)
      1. (Mayan sky god meaning "Lizard House"...ok,
      2. Named after the Mayan sky god, the Itzamna Pacha is currently the only known species of Kritosaurs known to inhabit the South American pampas. 
    1. Mamapacha Pacha (Globinasus mitis) (Kritosauria)
      1. (Inca earth goddess, sometimes depicted as a dragon, causes earthquakes)
      2. Named after the Inca earth goddess, the Mamapacha
    1. Malsudrak (Paraboreonychus sp.) (Boreonychid)
      1. This subspecies of the Greater Interior Drak can be found exclusively in the eastern united states,  from the wetlands of the Florida Everglades to the forests of New England,  one would akin them to fulfilling a role similar to the coyote or foxes back home on Earth. 

    On a final note, I will continue to search through the yahoo groups for stuff that I may have missed. 

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